Brown Spots on Teeth – What They Are and How to Get Rid of Them

Do you have brown spots of discoloration on your teeth? These are quite common. Their shape and size may vary from one person to another. They may appear as dark spots, irregular patches, or even lines. Understanding what causes these brown spots is key to preventing and getting rid of them when they occur.

What causes brown spots?

Several factors can lead to the formation of brown spots on teeth. These include:

1. Dark-colored food and drinks

Dark-colored foods and beverages can cause teeth to stain over time. These foods contain chromogens, which can cause staining on tooth enamel. The tannic acid in tea and red wine can also cause staining of teeth. If you do not practice good dental hygiene, these stains can become permanent.

It’s also important to be cautious about foods with artificial colors and dyes. These cause significant staining.

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2. Tooth decay

It is one of the most common causes of brown spots. The weakening of the tooth enamel occurs when bacteria on the teeth produce acids that weaken the teeth. The teeth may appear yellowish or brownish as the layers of coating wear away due to exposure to the acid. When the decay becomes severe, it can cause a cavity. It is dark in color.

3. Tartar

Tartar is the result of the accumulation of plaque. Plaque gets formed when bacteria break down food debris in the mouth. It is sticky and translucent. When it is not cleaned away by brushing and flossing, it hardens and forms a more permanent coating on the teeth known as tartar.

Poor oral hygiene is one of the most common causes of tartar build-up. You’re also at risk of developing tartar if you smoke, have diabetes, are bedridden, taking certain medications such as nerve blockers, or are experiencing hormonal changes, e.g., when pregnant.

4. Age

Aging can result in the wearing away of enamel. This natural process can result in the formation of dark spots on the teeth.

Other factors that put you at risk of developing dark spots on your teeth include genetics, taking certain medications, previous dental work, and medical conditions such as celiac disease.

How to get rid of dark spots on the teeth

If you have dark spots on your teeth and are searching for information on how to have white teeth, be sure to visit your dentist first. The cause of the discoloration will determine the best course of treatment. A dentist will be better able to determine the cause of the spots through tests and studying your medical history.

There are various treatments for dark spots. These include:

1. Changing your lifestyle habits

It often includes adopting good oral hygiene practices such as brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. You should also abstain from eating foods and drinks that can cause discoloration of your teeth. Get rid of habits such as smoking too.

2. Over the counter solutions

There are various over the counter solutions that you may want to consider. These include whitening mouthwashes and toothpaste, as well as tray whitening kits and whitening strips.

3. Medication

If your condition is the result of a medical condition, you can visit a doctor for a change in your prescription or for help in managing the disorder.

4. Professional teeth whitening

Your dentist can help to get rid of discoloration by providing teeth whitening treatment. Professional whitening is the safest way to whiten your teeth.

5. Covering teeth

If the stain has resulted in permanent damage to the tooth, you can opt for dental prosthetics to cover the tooth. These include veneers, crowns, and fillings. Consider front tooth crown cost as well as the costs and benefits of all your options before making your decision.