“A job safety analysis (JSA) is a written procedure developed to review work steps and their associated hazards in order to put in place correct solutions to eliminate or minimise the risk of those hazards” Govt of Western Australia Department of Mines, Industry Regulation and Safety states.
When a job safety analysis (JSA) is carried out, every primary step of a job is analyzed to find possible hazards. These assists identify the safest way to carry out work tasks. Conducting a JSA, the WA Department of Mines industry regulation and safety says, can be carried out in four primary steps:
Choose the job. When determining which jobs to carry out a JSA on, look at many factors, such as incident rate and severity, the chance of critical injuries when carrying out the job, and how recently established a job is. More recent jobs may result in far more injuries due to lack of experience.
Break the job into steps. Most jobs can be explained in less than 10 steps. These steps needs to be listed in step by step order. Have an immediate supervisor notice the task being carried out under regular situations. The supervisor needs to be knowledgeable and able to carrying out the job.
Identify possible hazards. When primary steps have been defined, identify possible hazards for every single step. (It may be required to notice the task being carried out again.) Possible questions a job analyst may find helpful include:
- Can a worker’s body or outfits get trapped in or between objects?
- Do tools, machines or equipment present any hazards to the worker?
- Is the worker, anytime, creating dangerous contact with moving materials?
- Are slips, trips or falls an issue?
- Is too much noise or vibration existing?
- May the worker have a stress from lifting, pushing or pulling?
- Are workers exposed to dusts, gases or vapors?
Identify safety measures. The initial step of this last stage is to try to remove any hazards identified by selecting a unique process, changing an existing process, or changing or adjusting equipment or tools. Even so, if the hazard can’t be removed, it should be included via “enclosures, machine pads, worker cubicles or similar equipment.
Next, the supervisor looks at modifying the sequence of steps or including steps that may be helpful. Finally, minimizing the exposure. However, “these steps are the least effective and should only be utilized if no other remedies are possible.”
Finally, share the results and proposals with all workers who will carry out the job.